7 Tips to Avoid a Heat Related Illness
Proper ClothingMake sure you wear light colored clothing that's breathable if you are going to be running, hiking or playing a sport where the conditions are favorable to get a heat related illness. Light-colored clothing allows the body to cool down through perspiration.
The basic rule of thumb is drink when your body wants a drink. If you're in a race, you don't have to stop by every water station. Too much fluid intake can create hyponatremia or low blood sodium. If you tend to zone out when you are running or exercising, then you can follow the 15- to 20-minute fluid intake rule.More: Hydration Tips for Better Athletic Performance
Hot & Humid
You need to be very cautious with your fluid intake when it's extremely hot and humid. If you feel like you have not had a sip of fluid, and you're not thirsty or sweating, then your body is going into survival mode. You need to get out of the heat because you're at the beginning phase of a heat related illness.More: How to Hydrate Before, During, and After a Workout
If the temperature starts to rise, and you're sweating quite a bit, then have some salty foods. If you have high blood pressure speak with your doctor first. After an hour of activity, you need to start replenishing your carbohydrates (glycogen), but also essential electrolytes, like sodium. Foods like pretzels, chips, crackers, salt tabs and some bars will have enough sodium and carbohydrates to provide your body with the amounts needed to get you through the activity.More: 6 Best Hydrating Foods for Athletes
Urine Color Levels
You always want to start your morning with a clear to light yellow urine color. This means you're properly hydrated prior to your race or sporting event. If your urine color is a dark yellow or even sort of brownish, then you are not properly hydrated and you need to start drinking fluids before you get out there in the heat. You want to start off on a positive note, and this is one way of doing that. More: What Your Urine Says About Your Health
Practice Ahead of Time
If your sporting event is out of town, try to go at least a week in advance to that destination so your body can start to adjust to the temperature conditions. If that's not possible, then during your training schedule, try to find days that will be similar to the event and practice that day with the proper clothing, hydration and your food requirements. This will give you an idea on what you need to improve on or how your body will react under these conditions.
When you're done with either your practice or event, make sure you take time to cool down. Even in those hot temperatures, walk around (don't sit) to make sure you re-circulate the blood throughout your body. You can go inside to a cooler room to cool off, but don't sit--keep moving. There's a lot of blood in your legs from the activity you just did (blood pooling), so if you don't cool down properly and get the blood to all the necessary parts of your body, you will get dizzy, nauseous, and possibly pass out and injure yourself in the process. Spend at least 15 to 20 minutes drinking fluids, eating small snacks, and cooling down before you sit.More: Importance of Cool Down
Many people will bonk or their bodies will just give out during these hot and humid conditions because they fail to prepare and plan. You set yourself up for success when you plan ahead of time. Practice and prepare so you're aware of the dangers that go with exercising in hot temperatures. If you're running a race where the conditions are just horrible because of high temperatures and humidity, there will be a lot of medical attention available. But, listen to your body and make sure you're drinking enough fluids, staying cool and eating the correct foods.
Kisar S. Dhillon is a professional fitness trainer living in Portland, Oregon. He holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Kinesiology, Post Baccalaureate Studies in Exercise Physiology and a Master's in Business Administration. He has more than 16 years experience in the health and fitness industry and is currently the owner of 1-2-1 Fitness, LLC. You can follow him on Twitter and on YouTube.
The Art of Personal Training by Kisar Dhillon107 SE Washington Street, Suite 137Portland, Oregon 97214(503) 953-0241